Wednesday, August 26, 2020
What sort of a driver right? It is safe to say that you are the one to annoy individuals or the one to terrify them and make them wonder in the event that they will live or that protected driver that everybody needs to be? Driving is the best transportation to getting to places at whatever point you need. Having your permit is a benefit . Not every person has it. So be cautious and deal with it and donÃ¢â¬â¢t go all insane out and about in light of the fact that it can cause your demise and others too. There are three sorts of driver that you for the most part observe regular or catch wind of. Smashed drivers have become the most perilous drivers out and about reason you never know till they strike somebody or you out and about. These drivers come out generally out on the ends of the week following a difficult night of clubbing; they are smashed to such an extent that they have persuaded themselves that they are sufficiently calm to work a vehicle. I mean please like genuinely do they not have only one companion to remain calm and be the assigned driver to return home safe as opposed to imperiling all of us. On the off chance that you see a vehicle that continues turning path to path that canÃ¢â¬â¢t keep straight your best decision is to remain away as could be expected under the circumstances. Ideally theyÃ¢â¬â¢ll get captured get that DUI and possibly thatÃ¢â¬â¢ll show them a decent exercise. The moderate jabs out and about can irritate you when you are attempting to get some place on schedule. These individuals are terrified of passing as far as possible reasoning perhaps a cop may poof jump out of the air and catch them. The old people are far more atrocious they truly go under as far as possible like in the event that you canÃ¢â¬â¢t see or are too old to be in any way heading to try and comprehend what is happening simply quit driving itÃ¢â¬â¢ll spare us a great deal of additional time. Genuinely the byways are for me to go quick and simply beat traffic yet when you are driving moderate then what was the purpose of taking the byway you ought to of remained in rush hour gridlock you tricks. Regardless of what individuals state quick drivers are the spare drivers. Why? Must you inquire? All things considered, we will in general drive 5 mph over as far as possible, which is worthy, and donÃ¢â¬â¢t have anybody driving near us. Quick drivers watch out for the street therefore they are aware of what is happening before them and will commonly back off before its past the point of no return. The genuine safe drivers are the ones that realize how to drive not simply work the vehicle. Quick drivers possibly make an issue when they become genuinely forceful and rear end, passing others truly near them and cutting off without a notice. Driving is so much fun. By the way folks, the women discover a man appealing on the off chance that he has his permit. She wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t need to utilize the train or transport for an incredible remainder. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t anticipate that the streets should be a circuit since you will imperil loads of peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s life so donÃ¢â¬â¢t be a moron. Have a fabulous time out there and spotlight out and about donÃ¢â¬â¢t text and drive also donÃ¢â¬â¢t drive drunk.
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Friday, August 21, 2020
201 Online Research Databases and Search Engines Whether you are conducting extensive research for an academic program or simply interested in learning more about the world around you, online databases and search engines are a great way to study from the comfort of your home or dorm. Thats why weve compiled a list of 202 websites and databases to help you do just that. While some require subscription or a library membership, many are open access, allowing you to find the data and information you need absolutely free of charge.Business and EconomicsHumanities, Social Sciences, Anthropology, Religion and PhilosophyMathematics and Computer ScienceMultidisciplinaryEngineering and AgricultureScience and MedicineMilitary StudiesEducation, Linguistics and LawPhoto by rawpixel on UnsplashBusiness and EconomicsBPubsâ"BPubs is a search engine to access business and trade publications.EconBizâ"EconBiz focuses on economic and business studies, offering searches of all free access journals and open access material. Provided by the ZBW - Germa n National Library of Economics, a part of the Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, the database opened in 2002 as the Virtual Library for Economics and Business Studies.EconLitâ"This is a collection of 120+ years of economic research spearheaded by the American Economic Association. Focusing on literature in the field of economics, EconLit contains academic sources dating back to 1969.EconStorâ"EconStor is a non-commercial public server by the ZBM with a large collection of economic literature, including 167,526 full texts. In contains open access full-text versions of working papers, journal articles and conference proceedings, all of which authors and editors can submit free of charge.EDGAR Searchâ"EDGAR Search is a searchable database offered by The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Its purpose is to provide information and access to more than 21 million findings relating to SEC filings published, including operations and financial information searchable by compan y name.IDEASâ"IDEAS claims to be the largest bibliographic database dedicated to Economics that is available for free on the Internet. It is a volunteer effort to increase free dissemination of research in Economics and uses RePEc data. Authors who submit their work receive a monthly tally of its popularity, including its ranking on the database.Inomicsâ"Inomics is a search tool for jobs and academic programs in disciplines such as Economics, Business, Finance, Management and Marketing. You can also search by subject and curate a newsfeed of articles related to these disciplines.National Bureau of Economic Researchâ"The National Bureau of Economic Research offers this searchable database of working papers, books, chapters from books in progress, and other free publications related to research in Economics. Topics include themes such as: Africa, Charter Schools, Childhood Interventions, Chinas Economy, Commodity, Prices, Developments in the European Economy, Energy, Entrepreneursh ip, Immigration and Innovation, Inequality, International Capital Flows, Productivity and Growth, and Taxation.Research Papers in Economicsâ"Research Papers in Economics (RePEc) is a collaborative, volunteer project boasting archives containing 2.6 million research pieces from 3,000 journals and 4,600 working papers. Its purpose is to increase the dissemination of economic research.Photo by Billeasy on UnsplashHumanities, Social Sciences, Anthropology, Religion and PhilosophyAgeLineâ"The AgeLine database is a subscription-based online resource for gerontology research, and research relating to topics of aging. It is ideal for health organizations, government entities, and nursing service providers.AllMusicâ"AllMusic is an online database cataloging more than 3 million albums and 30 million tracks. It also offers extensive information relating to bands and/or individual artists.Anthropological Index Onlineâ"The Anthropological Index Online (AIO) is a service of the Royal Anthropo logical Institute (RAI) and supported by the Anthropology Library and Research Centre at the British Museum. It boasts approximately 4,000 periodical titles with content from various branches of anthropology, along with 800 journals, published in more than 40 languages.Anthropological Literatureâ"This subscription-based database offers indexing for anthropology and archaeology, including social and cultural anthropology, Old and New World archaeology, and physical anthropology.Artcyclopediaâ"Artcylopedia is a database listing information about 9,000 artists and 2,900 art sites, and provides 160,000 links relative to the art world. It is searchable by artist, artwork, or museum location.Arts Humanities Citation Indexâ"The Arts Humanities Citation Index offers abstracts and indexing of 1,700+ journals published in the arts and humanities. With multiple subject categories, such as cultural studies, literature, and theater, the database is searchable by category or specific journal title.ATLA Religion Databaseâ"The ATLA Religion Database (ATLA RDB) is a subscription-based index, with journal articles, book reviews, and essays related to religion or religious studies. Published by the American Theological Library, the database contains 2.1 million article citations from over 1,940+ journals, along with over half a million book reviews.Chinese Social Sciences Citation Indexâ"Chinese Social Sciences Citation Index is based in China and developed by Nanjing University. It contains about 500 Chinese academic journals in the humanities and social sciences, and is used as basis for the evaluation of academic promotion among several universities.Encyclopedia of Psychologyâ"The Encyclopedia of Psychology is provided by Psych Central and offers links to various psychology topics and resources. It provides information on psychological conditions, tests, blogs and podcasts, clinical trials, academic resources, and forums and support groups.Inspireâ"INSPIREs main goal is to provide a repository for spatial information throughout Europe. This EU initiative seeks help to make spatial or geographical information accessible for those working in various stages of land development.International Aging Research Portfolioâ"International Aging Research Portfolio (IARP) contains an open-access directory for grants, publications, and academic conferences in social and behavioral sciences. It also provides search and visual trend analysis tools for topics related to aging research.International Directory of Philosophyâ"With over 37,000 listings, the International Directory of Philosophy database, established by the Philosophy Documentation Center in 2010, provides information on university philosophy departments, research centers, professional societies, journals, and philosophy.LAnnÃ©e philologiqueâ" LAnnÃ©e philologique (The Philological Year) is a subscription-based database containing bibliography information for scholarly works in language, literatur e, history and culture of ancient Greece and Rome. The print version has been in publication since 1928.Library of Anglo-American Culture Historyâ"The Library of Anglo-American Culture History, funded by the German Research Foundation, offers access to journals, newspapers, and databases in English Studies, American Studies, Canadian Studies, and Australian and New Zealand studies.Literary Encyclopediaâ"The Literary Encyclopedia is a subscription-based database that publishes biographies of major and minor writers, as well as critical essays on literature, culture, and history.National Criminal Justice Reference Serviceâ"The National Criminal Justice Reference Service offers this database through funding by the U.S. government. It is focused on content related to criminal justice and is a resource for law enforcement, policymakers, practitioners, and researchers. With its expansive collection of reports, books, research, and unpublished research, it is also valuable to educator s, community leaders, and the general public.OpenEdition.orgâ"OpenEdition offers a searchable database of books and journals in the humanities and social sciences. Many are free access, along with services provided by libraries and subscribing institutions.Open Library of Humanitiesâ"Open Library of Humanities is a registered charity in England and Wales and contains a searchable database of open access journals in the humanities.PhilPapersâ"PhilPapers is a searchable database and bibliography of philosophy that is maintained by the community of philosophers. It includes various content in philosophy, including journals, books, open access archives, and personal pages, with 2,429,107 entries categorized in 5,408 categories.Philosophy Research Indexâ"The Philosophy Research Index offers bibliographic information on articles, books, reviews, dissertations, and other documents related to the field of philosophy. It includes over 1.34 million bibliographic records in 30 languages.PO PLINEâ"POPLINE provides free access to 380,000 publications and resources related to family planning and reproductive health, including many full-text copies.Project MUSEâ"Project MUSE provides complete, full-text versions of scholarly journals. It contains over 674 journals from 125 publishers and offers over 50,000 books from more than 100 presses.Psychologys Feminist Voicesâ"Psychologys Feminist Voices (PFV) is a digital archive of past and contemporary feminist psychologists who have contributed to psychological research. It contains biographical profiles, oral history interview transcripts, video content, timelines, bibliographies, teaching resources, and an original 40-minute documentary on the current status of feminist psychology in the United States.PsycINFOâ"PsycINFO, supported by the American Psychological Association, offers a searchable database containing abstracts and citations of literature that has been published in the field of psychology.PubPsychâ"PubPsych is a searchable, open access database containing psychology-related resources. Users can search in English, Spanish, French and German.Questiaâ"Questia is an online research and paper writing resource with more than 94,000 online books. It also includes organizational and paper-writing tools to help manage research and automatically generate footnotes and bibliographies.Rocks Backpagesâ"Rocks Backpages is a subscription-based database that contains full-text articles that are freelance contributions to the music and mainstream press. It contains over 37,000 articles, including features, reviews, and 600 audio interviews with musicians.Social Science Citation Indexâ"Provided by Clarivate Analytics, the Social Science Citation Index contains approximately 3,000 leading academic journals across more than 50 disciplines.Social Science Research Networkâ"The Social Science Research Network (SSRN) offers 837,220 research papers from 416,090 researchers across 30 disciplines.SocioSiteâ"S ocioSite is maintained by the University of Amsterdam and contains research related to sociological subjects, including activism, culture, peace, and racism.SocioWebâ"SocioWeb is a searchable database containing including websites, online directories, articles, surveys and statistics, and journals related to the study of sociology. It also contains links to sociological associations.State Legislative Websites Directoryâ"The National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) contains information gathered from the home pages and websites of the 50 state legislatures, the District of Columbia and the territories. Researchers can view bills, press rooms, and statutes from each state.The Womens Libraryâ"The Womens Library is part of the London School of Economics and Political Science. It offers an online database of journals, articles, and cross-domain printed material, archives and 3D objects relating to womens history.University of Oxford Text Archiveâ"The Oxford Text Archive offers a searchable database of literary and linguistic resources for use in research and teaching. It is part of the CLARIN European Research Infrastructure and is part of the University of Oxfords contribution to the CLARIN-UK Consortium.U.S. Metropolitan Travel Survey Archiveâ"U.S. Metropolitan Travel Survey Archive is funded by The United States Department of Transportation and provides free access to travel surveys conducted by cities, states and localities.VET-Bibâ"VET-Bib is a database offering bibliographic information for European vocational education and training (VET) literature and is maintained by the European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (Cedefop).WikiArcâ"WikiArc is a search tool for professionals, students and researchers interested in the fields of archaeology, classical antiquity, paleoanthropology, forensic anthropology, cultural heritage studies, and Quaternary sciences.Photo by Roman Mager on UnsplashMathematics and Computer Science2arXiv e-pri nt Archiveâ"Offered by Cornell University Library, arXiv.org is an open access database, allowing users to search for 1,480,478 e-prints in Physics, Mathematics, Computer Science, Quantitative Biology, Quantitative Finance, Statistics, Electrical Engineering and Systems Science, and Economics.Association for Computing Machinery Digital Libraryâ"The ACM Digital Library offers a searchable database of full-text Collection ACM publications, including journals, conference proceedings, technical magazines, newsletters and books.Citebase Searchâ"Citebase is the product of a collaboration between Opcit Project and the Open Archives Initiative. It is a cross-archive search engine that provides links to research paper bibliographies, along with generating citation analysis and navigation over the e-print literature.CiteSeerXâ"CiteSeerx offers a searchable database and digital library of scientific literature focused primarily on computer and information science. It also provides resource s such as algorithms, data, metadata, services, techniques, and software.Collection of Computer Science Bibliographiesâ"This searchable database offers bibliographies of computer science literature and contains more than 7 million references to journal articles, conference papers and technical reports in the field of computer science.Computer Science Technical Reportsâ"As a service offered by the computer science department of Virginia Tech, Computer Science Technical Reports is collection of computer science technical reports from CS departments and industrial and government research laboratories around the world.dblp computer science bibliographyâ"This searchable database offers open access bibliographic information academic journals within the computer science field. It is run by the University of Trier and Schloss Dagstuhl.HCI Bibliographyâ"The HCI Bibliography offers access to bibliographies, weblogs, columns, news, and developer resources related to human-computer interact ion.IEEE Xploreâ"Along with material published by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), the IEEE Xplore database provides access to more than 4.5-million documents related to the fields of computer science, electrical engineering, electronics. Full-text documents require a subscription.Inspecâ"Inspec is run by the Institution of Engineering and Technology and provides access to 17 million abstracts in the fields of physics and engineering.MathGuideâ"The MathGuide offers links to all core areas of mathematics, with the goal to index and catalog quality math resources and scholarly links.The Collection of Computer Science Bibliographiesâ"The Collection of Computer Science Bibliographies offers more than 7 million bibliographies (mostly to journal articles, conference papers and technical reports) of scientific literature in computer science from various sources, covering most aspects of computer science.zbMATHâ"zbMath is a searchable database for finding d ocuments, authors, and journals related to mathematics. While some are open access, others require payment.Photo by Angela Compagno on UnsplashMultidisciplinaryAcademic Indexâ"The Academic Index is a meta-search tool that indexes research-quality reference and information sources selected by professional librarians, educators, and educational and library consortia. It currently provides access to over 300,000 web pages.Academic Searchâ"Provided by EBSCO Publishing, the Academic Search database is a subscription-based research database providing access to peer-reviewed, full-text journals.African Journals OnLineâ"African Journals OnLine (AJOL) offers access to peer-reviewed, African-published scholarly journals. Users can browse peer-reviewed journals from Africa, download full-text articles from journal homepages, and search for an article by title, author/s or keywords.Airiti Incâ"The Airiti Library provides a search platform in Chinese that features full-text academic journal articles, doctoral dissertations, and conference paper compilations.Archives Hubâ"Archives Hub offers access to archives in over 300 institutions around Scotland, England, and Wales, providing links to digital content when available.BASE: Bielefeld Academic Search Engineâ"Created and run by the Bielefeld University Library, BASE harvests metadata from institutional and other academic digital libraries. It offers over 120 million documents from across over 6000 sources with an easy-to-use search engine.Book Review Index Onlineâ"Book Review Index Online offers access to book reviews from 1965 to the present published in nearly 500 periodicals and newspapers. You will need a New York Public Library card to access it free of charge.Books in Printâ"Books in Print is a subscription-based service providing bibliographic information on published works to the book trade, including publishers, booksellers, libraries, and individuals.Catalog of U.S. Government Publicationsâ"The CGP offers access to federal publications, including direct links to the full document, when available. Users can search by authoring agency, title, subject, and general keywords, or click on Advanced Search for more options.CIA World Factbookâ"The World Factbook offers a searchable database on the history, people, government, economy, geography, communications, transportation, military, and transnational issues for 267 countries and locales around the world. References tools also available are maps of the major world regions, Flags of the World, a Physical Map of the World, a Political Map of the World, a World Oceans map, and a Standard Time Zones of the World map.CiNiiâ"CiNii (pronounced like sigh-knee) is an open-access database offering access to articles, Books, Journals and Dissertations. It also includes university research bulletins or articles from the National Diet Librarys Japanese Periodicals Index Database.CiteULikeâ"CiteULike provides free access, allowing users to store and share scholarly papers. The site extracts citations automatically from stored papers.CogPrintsâ"CogPrints is an an electronic archive for papers in Psychology, Neuroscience, and Linguistics, Computer Science, Philosophy, Biology, Medicine, and Anthropology.COREâ"CORE aggregates all open-access research from academic journals and entities worldwide, with the mission of making them available to the public.De Gruyter Openâ"De Gruyter is an academic publisher of open access books, with more than 1000 open access books available on the website. Authors can also publish open access, although all publications are subject to peer review.Digital Library of the Commons Repositoryâ"The DLC offers free and open access to articles (some full text), papers, and dissertations. There is also an author-submission portal; an Image Database; the Comprehensive Bibliography of the Commons; and a Keyword Thesaurus.Directory of Open Access Journalsâ"DOAJ is an online directory that is community cura ted and indexed to provide open access to peer-reviewed journals across multiple fields and topics.EBSCO Open Dissertationsâ"EBSCO Open Dissertations is a free database with more than 800,000 electronic theses and dissertations submitted globally.EThOSâ"EThOS aims to improve the availability of doctoral research theses in the UK, making publicly-funded research freely available for all researchers.Genamics JournalSeekâ"Genamics JournalSeek is a categorized database of freely available journal information, and currently contains information for 39,226 titles across disciplines. This information includes the journals aims and scope, journal abbreviation, journal homepage link, subject category and ISSN.GeoRefâ"Created by the American Geosciences Institute in 1966, the GeoRef database provides access to geoscience via a bibliographic database in the geosciences. It currently contains over 3.9 million references to geoscience journal articles, books, maps, conference papers, reports and theses.Google Booksâ"Google Books allows users to search through millions of books available online. If permission has been given, users can read the full text.Google Correlateâ"Google Correlate is a part of Google Trends, allowing the user to submit a query for finding similar patterns to a target data series. Think of it as Google Trends in reverse.Google Scholarâ"Google Scholar allows broad searches for academic literature across multiple disciplines, including articles, theses, books, abstracts and court opinions.Google Trendsâ"Google Trends offers searches that show how frequently a given search term is entered into Googles search engine relative to total search volume over a given period of time. It also provides geographical information about search engine users.Indian Citation Indexâ"The Indian Citation Index (ICI) database offers access to approximately 1000 top Indian scholarly journals across the sciences, social sciences, arts, and humanities.Infotopiaâ"Infoto pia is an academic search engine that is curated by librarians, teachers and other educational workers.Ingentaâ"The Ingenta Connect portal is a subscription-based content management system that hosts more than 5 million articles and 16,000 publications from 350 publishers.International Medieval Bibliographyâ"The International Medieval Bibliography (IMB) is a subscription-based database that offers current bibliographies of articles in journals related to Classics, English Language and Literature, History and Archaeology, Theology and Philosophy, Medieval European Languages and Literatures, Arabic and Islamic Studies, History of Education, Art History, Music, Theatre and Performance Arts, Rhetoric and Communication Studies.iSEEK Educationâ"iSEEK Education is a search engine that compiles thousands of authoritative resources from university and government sources.J-Gateâ"J-Gate allows users to access global e-journal literature, including 10 Million full-text articles from 49,000+ journals covering Agriculture and biological Sciences, Arts and humanities, Basic Sciences, Biomedical Sciences, Engineering and Technology, and Social and Management Sciences.JSTORâ"JSTOR provides access for researchers and students to more than 12 million academic journal articles, books, and primary sources across 75 disciplines.JURNâ"JURN provides an academic search-engine, indexing 3,952 free e-journals in the arts and humanities.Library of Congressâ"The U.S. Library of Congress Online Catalog provides access to dozens of recommended free databases, indexing and abstracting services, and full-text reference resources in the Arts and Humanities, Law, News and Current Events, Regional and Cultural Studies, Science and Technology, and Social Sciences.Mendeleyâ"Mendeley allows researchers to add papers directly from their browser and generate references, citations and bibliographies across various formats. Researchers can also share ideas and discover new research in their fie ld.Microsoft Academic Searchâ"Microsoft Academic Search allows users to search for papers and provides related information about the most relevant authors, institutions, publication outlets, and research areas through a semantic search capability.National Archivesâ"The National Archives provides a searchable archival database for U.S. government and veterans records, along with Americas Founding documents, Educators resources, and war records.OAIsterâ"The OAIster database provides millions of records from open access resources, and was built through harvesting from worldwide open access collections using the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH).OpenDOARâ"OpenDOAR is a global directory of academic repositories that are open access, enabling users to identify, browse, and search for repositories.OpenSIGLEâ"OpenSIGLE offers open access to 700,000 bibliographical references, including technical or research reports, doctoral dissertations, conference p apers, official publications, and other types of grey literature.Oxford Academic Journalsâ"Oxford Academic is a service provided by Oxford University Press, publishing more than 200 open-access academic journals.Paperityâ"Paperity is a multi-disciplinary aggregator of open-access journals, giving readers easy access to thousands of journals from hundreds of disciplines, in one central location. It includes scholarly communication in all research fields, from Sciences, Technology, Medicine, to Social Sciences, to Humanities and Arts.Readers Guide Retrospective: 1890â"1982â"Readers Guide Retrospective: 1890-1982 is a subscription-based index of over three million articles from more than 550 leading magazines including full coverage of the original print volumes of Readers Guide to Periodical Literature.Readers Guide to Periodical Literatureâ"Readers Guide to Periodical Literature is a subscription-based index covering topics in art, business, education and entertainment.RefSeekâ "Refseek is a search engine that pulls from over one billion web pages, encyclopedias, journals and books, providing easy access to PDFs of academic papers.ResearchGateâ"ResearchGate is part publication index/part networking site for scientists and researchers. It offers free access to over 15 million members from all over the world to share, discover, and discuss research.SafetyLitâ"SafetyLit offers indexed reports from researchers who work in disciplines related to preventing and researching unintentional injuries, violence, and self-harm. These include agriculture, anthropology, architecture, economics, education, engineering specialties, ergonomics and human factors, faith scholars, health and medicine, law and law enforcement, psychology, social work, sociology, and other fields.Scientific Electronic Library Onlineâ"SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online) is an open-access bibliographic database, digital library, and cooperative electronic publishing model for journals . It is available in English, Portuguese and Spanish.SCIndeksâ"SCIndeks is a hybrid open-access and subscription-based database containing metadata and citation data for scientific publishing in Serbia, including some full-text articles.Scopusâ"Scopus is the largest subscription-based abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature, including scientific journals, books and conference proceedings.SearchTeam.comâ"SearchTeam is a collaborative search engine that allows you to conduct searches along with your friends, colleagues and coworkers.Smithsonian Institution Research Information Systemâ"The Smithsonian Collections Search Center is an online database offering access to most of the major collections from Smithsonian museums, archives, libraries, and research units. It contains 13.5 million catalog records in Art Design, History Culture, and Science Technology with over 3.1 million images, videos, audio files, podcasts, blog posts and electronic journals.Socolarâ "Socolar is a searchable database containing open-access content from journals in Agriculture and Food Sciences, Arts and Architecture, Biology and Life Sciences, Business and Economics, Chemistry, Earth and Environmental Sciences, General Works, Health Sciences, History and Archaeology, Languages and Literatures, Law and Political Science, Mathematics and Statistics, Philosophy and Religion, Physics and Astronomy, Science, Social Sciences, Technology and Engineering, and Library and Information Science.Sparrhoâ"Sparrho combines human and artificial intelligence to complement traditional methods of finding academic material.The British Library Catalogues Digital Collectionsâ"The British Library offers multiple digital collections, including digitized manuscripts, sounds online, the endangered archives programme, and the British newspaper archive (among others).Ulrichswebâ"Ulrichsweb is a subscription-based database that helps librarians and subscribers avoid gathering serials in formation in bits and pieces from multiple sources, and brings together the latest bibliographic and provider details in one location.Virtual Learning Resources Centerâ"The Virtual Learning Resources Center (VLRC) hosts thousands of scholarly websites selected by teachers and librarians from around the world.Wiley Online Libraryâ"The Wiley Online Library hosts one of the worlds most extensive multidisciplinary, open-access collections of online resources covering life, health and physical sciences, social science, and the humanities. It contains over 4 million articles from 1,500 journals, 9,000 books, and hundreds of multi-volume reference works, laboratory protocols and databases.Wolfram Alphaâ"Wolfram Alpha is a computational knowledge engine that provides answers for questions across a wide range of disciplines and knowledge.WorldCatâ"WorldCat is the worlds largest network offering access to library content and services. Some resources may require library membership to acces s.Zenodoâ"Zenodo is a shared research database featuring topics in the Sciences and Humanities. Users can also create and curate communities for a workshop, project, department, journal, or digital repository.Photo by Angela Compagnone on UnsplashEngineering and AgricultureAbandoned Little-Known Airfieldsâ"This site offers information on vanished or abandoned U.S. airfields and their unusual histories, searchable by state.Aerospace High Technology Databaseâ"This database requires Princeton University or ProQuest authentication to access. It covers all aspects of applied research in the aerospace and space sciences, providing indexing and abstracts from periodicals, conference papers, trade journals, magazines, books, patents and technical reports dating back to the early 1960s.AGRICOLA: Agricultural Online Accessâ"Run by the United States Department of Agriculture, this database is produced by the National Agricultural Library (NAL) and consists of two subsets of records: the first, including citations for journal articles that include abstracts; and the second, including bibliographic records describing monographs, serials, audiovisual materials and online content from around the world.AGRISâ"Run by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, AGRIS offers a searchable database of papers, data, statistics, and multimedia material related to Agricultural Science and Technology Information.ASCE Libraryâ"The ASCE Library offers a searchable database of civil engineering content, with articles from ASCE journals, papers from conference proceedings, and e-books and standards compiled by the American Society of Civil Engineers.CAB Abstractsâ"CAB Abstracts is a subscription-based international bibliographic database focusing on agricultural literature and containing over 9.1 million records (from 1973 onward). It contains subjects relating to agriculture, environment, forestry, veterinary sciences, applied economics, food science, nutrition, and allied disciplines in the life sciences.Civil Engineering Databaseâ"Run by the American Society of Civil Engineers, the Civil Engineering Database offers an open-access bibliographic database for all ASCE publications including journals, conference proceedings, books, standards, manuals, magazines, and newspapers related to civil engineering.Ei Compendexâ"Ei Compendex is subscription-based and claims to be the broadest and most complete engineering literature database available in the world, providing peer reviewed and indexed publications with over 20 million records from 77 countries across 190 engineering disciplines.FSTA â" Food Science and Technology Abstractsâ"This subscription-based database covers literature on every aspect of the food chain, including biotechnology, microbiology, food safety, additives, nutrition, packaging and pet foods.National Agricultural Library: Ag Data Commons Betaâ"The National Agricultural Librarys Ag Data Commons Beta offers online acces s to open data relevant to agricultural research, including agronomy, genomics, hydrology, soils, agro-ecosystems, sustainability science, and economic statistics.National Agricultural Library: PubAgâ"The National Agricultural Librarys PubAg offers online access to 82,670 full-text journal articles on the agricultural sciences.Photo by Louis Reed on UnsplashScience and MedicineAnalytical Sciences Digital Libraryâ"The Analytical Sciences Digital Library (ASDL) is funded by NSFs National Science Digital Library (NSDL) program and is a database containing peer reviewed innovations in curricular development and supporting technical resources in the analytical sciences.Analytical Abstractsâ"Analytical Abstracts keeps users up to date regarding recent developments in analytical science, with a searchable updates that consists of article abstracts and details of analyte, matrix and technique.Astrophysics Data Systemâ"The SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS) is a searchable database for researchers in Astronomy and Physics, and is maintained by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) under a NASA grant. It contains three bibliographic databases comprised of more than 14.2 million records covering publications in Astronomy and Astrophysics, Physics, and the arXiv e-prints.Behavioral and Brain Sciencesâ"Behavioral and Brain Sciences is a database containing psychology and brain science articles.Beilstein databaseâ"The Beilstein database is a subscription-based database of organic chemistry compounds, with over 6,000,000 structures and about 5,000,000 reactions. It is advertised as being the largest database in the field of organic chemistry.Bioline Internationalâ"Bioline is maintained by librarians and researchers, and provides a platform for the distribution of peer-reviewed journals in bioscience. Its content is currently from Bangladesh, Brazil, Chile, China, Colombia, Egypt, Ghana, India, Iran, Kenya, Malaysia, Nigeria, Tanzania, Turkey, Uganda and Venezuela.Biological Abstractsâ"Biological Abstracts is a subscription-based database containing a collection of bibliographic references for life science and biomedical research literature.BioMed Centralâ"BioMed Central is an open-access, searchable database with an evolving portfolio of high-quality peer-reviewed journals in topics pertaining to biology, physical sciences, mathematics and engineering disciplines.BioOneâ"BioOne is a nonprofit publisher providing libraries with cost-effective access to high-quality, curated research in science.CancerDataâ"CancerData.org offers open-access data related to cancer research.CAplusâ"CAplus is a subscription-based integrated source of journal articles and patent documents in biomedical sciences, chemistry, engineering, materials science, agricultural science and more.CAS Registryâ"CAS Registry is a database of inorganic and organic substances including minerals, compounds, alloys, mixtures, polymers, and salts. It is used primarily to identify unknown chemical substances using information about names and chemical structure of substances.CERN Document Serverâ"The CERN Document Servicer is an open-access database offering a digital collection of particle physics and accelerator physics preprints, articles, journals, photographs and more, from the CERN research center.CHBD: Circumpolar Health Bibliographic Databaseâ"The Circumpolar Health Bibliographic Database (CHBD) is a project of the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) Team in Circumpolar Health Research. It is a free electronic database containing 7900 records describing publications about all aspects of human health in the circumpolar region.ChemBioFinderâ"ChemBioFinder is a free database containing data, articles and research related to Chemistry.Chemisches Zentralblattâ"Chemisches Zentralblatt is the first and oldest abstracts journal published in the field of chemistry, covering chemical literature from 1830 to 1969.CINAHL (Cumulative Inde x to Nursing and Allied Health Literature)â"The CINAHL is a subscription-based database offering fast and easy full-text access to top journals, evidence-based care sheets, quick lessons and more in the fields of Nursing and Allied Health.Cochrane Libraryâ"The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) is a database offering systematic reviews in health care.Current Contents â" Science Editionâ"Current Contents is a subscription-based database that provides access to tables of contents, bibliographic information, and abstracts from issues of leading scholarly journals in Life Sciences; Clinical Medicine; Agricultural, Biological and Environmental Sciences; Engineering, Technology, and Applied Sciences; and Physical, Chemical and Earth Sciences.Dryadâ"Dryad is an open repository for data whose vision is to promote a world where research data is openly available, integrated with the scholarly literature, and routinely re-used to create knowledge.Elsevier Open Access Journalsâ "Elsevier Open Access Journals provides articles in open-access, Elsevier-published journals that have undergone peer review and are permanently free for everyone to read and download.EMBASE for Excerpta Medica databaseâ"Embase is a biomedical and pharmacological bibliographic database to search and access published literature for complying with the regulatory requirements of a licensed drug.Europe PMCâ"Europe PMC is a repository, providing access to articles in life sciences, as well as books, patents and clinical guidelines.Global Healthâ"The Global Health database is subscription-based, and focused on research related to community and international health.Global Health Archiveâ"Global Health Archive is a database for researchers interested in public health and biomedical studies produced between 1910 and 1983. 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The database contains almost 3 million items and over 1.7 million direct links to original articles.MEDLINEâ"MEDLINE provides bibliographical information, journal citations and abstracts for globally produced biomedical literature.MedlinePlusâ"MedlinePlus offers searchable information on the latest treatments, drugs or supplements, and links to the latest medical research and clinical trials.The Merck Index Onlineâ"The Merck Index Online provides a searchable database of medication by compound names, chemical structures, physical and biological activity and properties.Meteorological Geoastrophysical Abstractsâ"Meteorological Geoastrophysical Abstracts (MGA) provides a searchable database of literature covering topics in meteorology, climatology, atmospheric chemistry and physics, astrophysics, hydrology, glaciology, physical oceanography and environmental sciences.MyScienceWorkâ"MyScienceWorks open-access feature allows use rs to search across 8,000 full-text documents in the field of science.OASISâ"The Open Access Series of Imaging Studies (OASIS) provides free neuroimaging data sets of the brain to the scientific community.Organic Research Databaseâ"This website is a database of abstracts dealing with scientific research involving organic agriculture. It can only be accessed through a subscription.OSTI.gov: Department of Energy Scientific and Technical Informationâ"OSTI.GOV is run by the U.S. Department of Energy and offers a searchable database for science, technology, and engineering.PolarisOSâ"PolarisOS is a scientific database including over 70 million scientific publications. It is designed to help scientists of all disciplines access and deposit scientific publications.PubChemâ"PubChem is a National Institute of Health open database for Chemistry. It is designed to help scientists and the public access information about chemical structure, chemical/physical properties, identifiers, patents , biological activities and safety.Public Library of Scienceâ"The Public Library of Science is a nonprofit scientific publishing and advocacy website with over 215,000 peer-reviewed scientific articles. The free articles span the subjects of Biology, Genetics, Pathogens, Medicine, and Tropical Diseases and can be redistributed.PubMedâ"Pubmed is a collection of more than 29 million biomedical citations from online books, MEDLINE, and journals of life science. Some citations have links to full articles.Retinaâ"This journal features the latest information concerning vitreoretinal disorders, focusing on therapeutic and diagnostic techniques. It features full review articles twelve times a year.Russian Science Citation Indexâ"Russian Science Citation Index is a bibliographic database of scientific publications published in Russian.ScienceDirectâ"Science Direct is a large collection of Engineering and Physical Science publications. The articles range from theoretical to applied scien ce covering both foundational and research-based disciplines.Science.govâ"The website is a collection of 60 databases concerning federal science information. The databases allow users to access over 2,200 websites concerning scientific research and development.ScienceOpenâ"ScienceOpen is a free Science research, publishing and networking platform with access to over 50 million articles. The website features research database access, social sharing and peer review.Scientillionâ"Scientillion is a search engine that provides access primarily to articles concerning Physics and Computer Science. 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It features 700,000 references, 4.6 million reactions, and 5.8 molecules that have been abstracted from the literature.SpringerLinkâ"SpringerLink provides researchers with access to millions of scientific documents from journals, books, series, protocols and reference works.Strategian Scienceâ"Strategian is a free database to find resources in science, including full-text books, patents, and reports, as well as full-text journal and magazine articles.Tr opical Diseases Bulletinâ"The tropical diseases bulletin is a database with abstracts and bibliographic information. It is primarily concerned with research on public health and infectious diseases in the developing world.Web of Scienceâ"Web of Science is a platform that connects the web of science core collection to patent data, an index of specialized subjects and research data sets. It accesses articles from over 33,000 journals.WorldWideScience.orgâ"WorldWideScience.org is a gateway to both international and national science databases. The goal of the site is to promote scientific progress and discovery by providing one platform to access international science databases.VADLOâ"VADLO is a search engine for the purpose of accessing life science methods, protocols, and techniques. It gives access to a wide range of life science topics including biochemistry, genetics, and biotechnology.Zoological Recordâ"Zoological Record is considered to be the oldest existing database of ani mal Biology. It is a leading taxonomic reference, a register of animal names, and covers a wide variety of subjects such as taxonomy, veterinary science, biodiversity, and the environment.Photo by Chuanchai Pundej on UnsplashMilitary StudiesAir University Library Index to Military Periodicalsâ"Air University Library Index to Military Periodicals is a searchable, open-access database offering bibliographic and full-text information for military books and journal articles.Fold3â"Fold3 offers access to military records, including the stories, photos, and personal documents of the men and women who currently serve, or have served, in the U.S. military.Photo by Pan Xiaozhen on UnsplashEducation, Linguistics and LawDigital Historyâ"Digital History is provided by the College of Education at the University of Houston and its purpose is to help teachers of American History in K-12 schools and colleges. It includes learning modules with historical overviews, along with recommended document s, films, historic images, lesson plans, fact checks, and guided student activities.Education Resources Information Centerâ"Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) offers a searchable digital library of full-text research and bibliographic information in the field of education, and is run by the Institute of Education Sciences (IES) of the U.S. Department of Education.Lesson Planetâ"Lesson Planet is a membership-based database providing curriculum tools and lesson plans to K-12 educators, librarians, curriculum and technology specialists, and homeschooling parents.LexisNexisâ"LexisNexis Academic allows users to search and access full-text news, business, and legal publications. 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Sunday, May 24, 2020
Frankenstein, a novel by Mary Shelley, tells the story of Victor FrankensteinÃ¢â¬â¢s pursuit of creation and the monster he unintentionally brought to life. Horrified with his own creation, Victor escaped his responsibilities, leaving him to fend for himself. The story follows the monsterÃ¢â¬â¢s futile attempts to assimilate into humanity, his hatred finally leading him to killing his creatorÃ¢â¬â¢s family one by one until Frankenstein committed himself to vengeance. The theme of humanity was prevalent throughout the novel as the monsterÃ¢â¬â¢s existence blurred the line between what was Ã¢â¬Å"humanÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"inhuman.Ã¢â¬ The question of whether nurture, or nature, mattered more to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s identity was explored throughout the story. In Frankenstein, nurture rather thanÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The difference between the old man and the other humans he encountered was his blindness, allowing him to have an unprejudiced view of people. Through their conver sation, the old man said Ã¢â¬Å"I am blind and cannot judge of your countenance, but there is something in your words which persuades me that you are sincere. I am poor and an exile, but it will afford me true pleasure to be in any way serviceable to a human creatureÃ¢â¬ (159). He was able to identify the monster as a sincere and human creature because he was unable to perceive his appearance. This shows that, beyond his inhuman countenance that betrays his nature, the monster was just any lonely human. In fact, he was kinder and more forgiving than most humans. Even after being chased out by the family he loved and succumbing to a fit of anger, he still attempted to befriend humans. When he encountered the girl who fell into a river, he immediately resolved to save her. However, when her companion arrived, he shot at the monster despite his benevolent actions. Following that, he swore revenge against humanity, but once again attempted to befriend humanity through William, who he perceived was a child filled with innocence. Yet, even as a child, William judged the monster by his appearance, calling him a Ã¢â¬Å"hideous monsterÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"ugly wretch, and Ã¢â¬Å"ogreÃ¢â¬ (169). In the previous examples, itShow MoreRelatedNature vs Nurture in Frankenstein Essay882 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesNature vs. Nurture in Frankenstein In the novel Frankenstein by Mary Shelley, the relationship of external appearance and internal feelings are directly related. The creature is created and he is innocent, though he is severely deformed. His nature is to be good and kind, but society only views his external appearance which is deformed. Human nature is to judge by external appearance. He is automatically detested and labeled as a monster because of his external appearance. He finallyRead MoreNature vs. Nurture in Frankenstein by Mary Shelley884 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesNature (our genes) and nurture (our environment) affect our individual differences in behavior and personality. In the novel Frankenstein, Mary Shelley addresses the conflict of nature vs. nurture. Victor Frankenstein creates a child whom he abandons upon birth. This brings up questions such as, was the creature genetically inclined to be evil, or did the hostility he encountered turn him evil? Are ones surroundings determined by who they become la ter in life? Does nurture form ones characteristicsRead MoreNature vs. Nurture in Mary Shelleys Frankenstein1247 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesdevelopment, and deeds. As crucial as canvas in art, the philosophy of nature and nurture come together as the fundamental structure to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s personality and genetic makeup. In the novella, Frankenstein, by Mary Shelley, the association of the exterior appearance and inner feelings are openly linked. The hideous creature that the science addict, Victor Frankenstein, makes is initially innocent yet severely deformed. His nature is to be benevolent and sympathetic, however, society only views his externalRead MoreNature Vs. Nurture in Mary ShelleyÃ ´s Frankenstein1008 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesNature vs. Nurture Francis Galton, the English Victorian polymath first coined the term, Nature vs. Nurture in 1871, when he considered how much influence our upbringing had on our fate, and whether or not our destiny was preset. Long before the term Nature vs. Nurture was coined, Mary ShelleyÃ¢â¬â¢s 1818 novel, Frankenstein, explored the idea of nature vs. nurture in the context of creation. The greatest exemplification of Nature vs. Nurture in Frankenstein is explored in the fate of the Creature, whoRead MoreNature Vs. Nurture In Frankenstein By Mary Shelleys Frankenstein1158 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesNature versus nurture has been a popular topic of discussion among psychologists, scientists, educators, and parents. The main focus of the nature versus nurture debate is how it affects human behavior and development. The novel Frankenstein by Mary Shelley emphasises the idea that parents and families have a powerful influence on human behavior, which is demonstrated in the relationship between Creature and Victor. Ã¢â¬Å"Folding BeijingÃ¢â¬ written by Hao Jingfang takes a different perspective on the ideaRead MoreEssay on Nature vs Nurture in Mary ShelleyÃ¢â¬â¢s Frankenstein2036 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesthe result of nature or nurture. In the writings of Thomas Hobbes, it is expressed that humans are endowed with character from birth, and that they are innately evil in nature. John LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s response to this theory is that everyone is born with a tabula rasa, or blank slate, and then develops character after a series of formative experiences. The idea that true character is the result of experiences and societal interaction is a theme deeply explored throughout Mary ShelleyÃ¢â¬â¢s Frankenstein. Through differentRead MoreNature Vs Nurture : Mary Shelley s Frankenstein2057 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesMary ShelleyÃ¢â¬â¢s Frankenstein, the theme of nature versus nurture is seen throughout the novel. Freud and many psychologists state that nature and nurture influence development because genes and environment, biological and social factors direct life courses, and their effects intertwine. Through the Creature s continual rejection by society and Victor, Mary Shelley shows that social rejection altars the CreatureÃ¢â¬â¢s attitude towards society and pushes him to be vengeful. In Frankenstein the Creature experiencesRead MoreMary Shelley s Frankenstein - Nature Vs Nurture1857 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesone of the most notable themes in Mary ShelleyÃ¢â¬â¢s Frankenstein, the role of nature versus nurture in developing children, recurs throughout the novel with the two main characters, Frankenstein and his creature, believing in opposite sides of this theme. Favoring nature, Frankenstein maintains that the creature was always evil from the moment of creation, regardless of the creatureÃ¢â¬â¢s experiences. However, the creature, in his narrative to Frankenstein, argues that Ã¢â¬Å"[he] was benevolent and good; miseryRead MoreFrankenstein : Are Monsters Born Or Created?1058 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesFrankenstein: Are Monsters Born or Created? Throughout the novel Frankenstein written by Mary Shelley, the creature is subjected to countless acts of violence and rejection. For a monster to develop, one must have been formerly exploited either by an individual or their society. The creature is not only a physical product of science, but his atrocious behavior is also an explicit result of VictorÃ¢â¬â¢s actions toward him. The creature was not born a monster, but slowly morphed into one as he experiencesRead MoreNature Vs. Nurture : The Debate Of Nature Versus Nurture895 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesNature vs. Nurture The debate of nature versus nurture has been an ongoing debate for a long time. When applying this argument to education there is no proven winner. The nature side of the coin believes that a person is born the way that they are. This could include intelligence level or personality traits such as being outgoing or shy. The other side of the argument of nurture believes that the type of upbringing that someone has will play a large role in the way they develop. It is thought
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Book Review Nothing to Envy: Ordinary lives in North Korea The novel,Nothing to Envy: Ordinary lives in North Korea, tells the stories of six North Korean citizens from Chongjin, third largest city in Democratic People s Republic of Korea. After the Korean War in the 60th, the aid from Communist China and Soviet Union caused industrial growth in North Korea. During this time the daughter of a South Korean Prisoner of War described the hardships she faces as a citizen with tainted blood. The gap in social status leaves a couple to hide their relationship in the dark. Plus, a true believer: the mother of four, factory worker and respected citizen woke up every day to clean the portraits of Kim-Il Sung while battling her insurgentÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The number of students decreases each day and the whole county improvises to discover new food sources. The medicine is unavailable and doctors are left to cure with cheap natural herbs. Hungry orphans or as they more often called the Ã¢â ¬Å"wandering swallowsÃ¢â¬ wonder the streets begging or stealing food. During the following decade citizens lost their loved ones, salary and jobs. The announcement of Kim-Il SungÃ¢â¬â¢s death in 1994 put the whole country at grief. Everyone in the country gathered by the statues of Kim-Il Sung to pay their respects. It was this ceremony at which many citizens realized the faults of the leader and soon after began noticing the issues of the regime and leadership. As an act of rebellion, people would watch forbidden Korean shows and read Western novels. Soon, many experiences a shift in how they viewed the outside world and North Korea. However many believers grieved the death of Kim-Il Sung as much as the death of their relatives. Most North Koreans couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t believe that the invincible, God like leader has died. More extreme nationalists willingly starved to death becuase living without the leader was unthinkable. After the grieving period passed, Kim-Jong Il was in power and the famine in North Korea only worsened. Citizens first shocked at the sight of death soon learned to ignore the dead, limbless bodies around them. North Koreans had a couple routes of
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
In Book II of PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s Republic, Glaucon and Adeimantus present a challenge to SocratesÃ¢â¬â¢ view of justice. Previously, in Book I of the Republic, Socrates presents several counterarguments to ThrasymachusÃ¢â¬â¢ belief that it is to your own advantage to practice injustice rather than to follow laws, if you can get away with it (Babcock). Glaucon and Adeimantus sought to present a stronger defense to ThrasymachusÃ¢â¬â¢ view. The main viewpoint they try to establish is that it is to our advantage to practice injustice rather than justice and that the good life is the life of injustice (Babcock). Several arguments are used to reinforce the central view through use of the Ring of Gyges story, an account of the origin of justice, a classification ofÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Mixed goods are the second class of goods. They are desirable for their own sake, and the sake of their consequences. Lastly, instrumental goods are goods that are not desirable for their own sake, but only desirable for the consequences they bring. Glaucon believes that justice is an instrumental good, and presents several persuasive arguments on exactly why he believes this. If justice is considered to be an instrumental good, this would mean that justice is only practiced for the consequences it brings. The rewards of this virtue could provide you with enhanced reputation, political or social status, and praises. In that sense, justice is rendered meaningless if not recognized by others. If no one knows youÃ¢â¬â¢re being just, no beneficial consequences can come from it through other people. Therefore Glaucon thinks that you might as well practice injustice while still maintaining a false reputation for justice (Babcock). By simply maintaining the false persona of a just person, you could reap the rewards of the virtue without having to practice it. Meanwhile, you could practice injustice, which is much more beneficial than solely being just and reap the rewards of both . In addition to this, Adeimantus further supports GlauconÃ¢â¬â¢s arguments by pointing out that justice is only ever praised by people for the good consequences it brings us, while injustice is only ever censored by people due to the bad
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question : Discuss about the Management and Organizations in Global Environment ? Answer: Introduction Globalization is concerned with the international integration of products, world views, ideas and the other pre-requisites of culture (Hirst Thompson and Bromley 2015). The primary factors of globalization include advancement in the transportation as well as advancement in the telecommunications. The advancement of these two factors has led to dissolving of the international boundaries. This would lead to additional interdependence on the cultural as well as economic activities. The globalization is concerned with the widening as well as growth of the interconnectedness of the international forces. The concept of globalization is actually related to geographic boundaries in which it is important to consider the space, time and place of the countries (Beck 2015). In globalization, there is technological flow of people and other resources for the benefit of the organizations and the people. There have been several debates regarding the success of globalization. It is argued that there are sufficient doubts regarding the actual reality of globalization (Hirst Thompson and Bromley 2015). Many argue that globalization has actually not led to shrinking world and there are certain barriers that prevent the businesses from doing cross border trade. It is also said that the international borders are still difficult to overcome for few multinational corporations. Globalization is concerned with interconnected and interdependent world in which there is free transfer of services, goods and capital (Beck 2015). However, there are economists, who argue that the free movement of goods, doesnt always correspond to free movement of labor. There are issues with recruitment, transfer and retention of the overseas employees. The global trade is suffering from synchronized collapse which has taken place gradually (Beck 2015). The economists believe that the primary cause of this collapse is the inability to achieve international stability. The international instability has been represented by the terrorist attack in the World Trade Center and the lack of preparedness from the concerned authorities to combat against such adversities (Beck 2015). Another example from the recent times is the international credit crisis during the year 2007-2008 when the international financial system failed. The globalization also impacts the international trade as well as the foreign direct investment. The globalization can also be used to combat with the ever-increasing issue of poverty, especially in developing countries. The poverty-stricken people often find it difficult to convey their condition to the world leaders as they fear that the act of doing so might further deteriorate their situation (Beck 2015). It is argued that the growth of exports and the incoming foreign direct investment is responsible for reducing poverty. However, the currency fluctuations, pose a threat to the issue of poverty. Globalization can be a gain for some sections of the population while it can be a loss for other sections of the population. This report would focus on the issue of the effectiveness of globalization and whether the phenomenon has actually affected the world. The reasons behind the extreme demonstrations in the G7 and WTC conferences concerning globalization are discussed. The phenomenon of globalization is analyzed through the help of Pankaj Ghemawats tools. A special focus has been laid on Anthony Giddens ideas concerning globalization. The report would also discuss about the consequences of globalization on poverty alleviation. The purpose of the report is to build a globalized world in which there are sufficient measures against poverty. Discussion,Globalization The interconnections between the nations of different geographical locations located all over the world are the crux of globalization. It also refers to the integration of different markets in the global economy (Head and Mayer 2013). There are specific areas in which the globalization can be analyzed well such as financial markets, commodity markets and others. The globalization can be assessed by the help of credit markets, capital markets and other product markets. There are four intrinsic parameters of globalization such as capital as well as investment options, trade as well as transactions, dissemination of knowledge and migration (Baylis Smith and Owens 2013). The globalization also presents environmental challenges such as air pollution, global warming, overfishing and water pollution. There are broadly three areas of globalization such as cultural globalization, economic globalization and political globalization (Naumis and Phillips 2012). The cultural globalization is conce rned with the transmission of values, meanings and ideas from one community to the other with an intention of enhancing the social relations. It is usually characterized by the common cultural consumption such as popular culture media, language, internet and international travel (Head and Mayer 2013). It is the basis of shared knowledge and norms which are perceived by diverse cultural identities. The economic globalization is concerned with the international exchange of regional, local and national economies all over the world. It comprises of the financial matters exchange across the geographical boundaries (Baylis Smith and Owens 2013). The political globalization is concerned with the growth of the political system all over the world by considering the complexity and the size. This system is inclusive of the national government and the inter-government of different countries. There are several reasons for increased globalization globally. There are developments in the transport, ICT and communications which have catalyzed the advent of globalization (Hay and Marsh 2016). The increased use of the internet has fostered high penetration of globalization. The increased mobility has also fostered the advent of globalization. The development of complicated financial systems like derivatives has fostered the growth of credit market (Baylis Smith and Owens 2013). There has been increasing free trade in the world which there is considerable fall in the communism (Mavrofides and Papageorgiou 2013). The trade openness has increased in the last couple of years and there has been significant growth in the emerging countries. There has been tremendous growth in the multinational companies such as Sony, KFC, Microsoft and others which have contributed significantly to the emergence of globalization (Korten 2015). The globalization has been affected by the global financial crisis to a great extent. There have been changes in the world GDP (Blonigen and Piger 2014). There have also been movement of the integrated capital markets all along the globe. There has been a rise in the foreign direct investment from 7% of GDP to 32% in the year 2015 (Ajami et al. 2014). There was also a rise in the international claims. However, during the global financial crisis during 2007, there was a sharp fall of the stock prices (Blonigen and Piger 2014). This caused large financial institutions to run in losses. The financial system crashed and the whole world suffered due to this phenomenon (Chor and Manova 2012). This phenomenon raised several questions on globalization, which was earlier supposed to mitigate risks. Instead, the globalization was a medium which spread the economic downturn all over the world (Blonigen and Piger 2014). There has been minimal financial liberation which caused the whole world to suffer. The developing countries are exposed to an increased risk of acute financial crisis if there is an increase in globalization (Chor and Manova 2012). This is because the economic crisis in one part of the world can easily percolate in other regions of the world, especially in an interconnected world. This is the reason why experts opine that the financial integration should be dealt with caution. It is proved that there has been greater co-operation between the nations and there has been dilution of the international trade barriers. Analysis of impact of globalization The globalization can be referred as the technological advancements that has made it easier to engage in international transactions in terms of both financial flows as well as trade flows (Lane 2013). There have been sufficient data available that demonstrates that capital as well as goods have become more globalized. The trade value has increased from 42.1 percent to 64.1 percent in 2010. The foreign direct investment has also seen an increase from 6.5 percent to 33.7 percent in the year 2010 (Imf.org 2016). There has also been a sharp increase in the number of cross border telephone calls (Lane 2013). The world economy has witnessed a steady increase in the number of foreign workers in the year 2015 (Lane 2013). This proliferation of the global market has improved the efficiency as well as greater division of labor. This has allowed the economies as well as the people to do choose their best course of action. The global markets do offer a highly-diversified market all around the wo rld (Imf.org 2016). The globalization also enables the percolation of innovative ideas from one region to the other. For example, the business entities can refer to the successful ideas that have been implemented in one part of the world and design their business policies accordingly. The people from the developing country is able to reach to the developed nations for seeking help when required. One of the key components of globalization is the expansion of the world trade as there is subsequent reduction in the barriers of trade such as tariffs on imports (Imf.org 2016). There has been greater imports post globalization, which presents the consumers with a wide variety of goods at subsequently low prices (Gray 2015). This has also provided the developing countries to provide strong incentives for the industries to be competitive (Imf.org 2016). The globalization has made the developing countries to depend on their exports for fostering economic growth (Lane 2013). They enhance not only economic growth but also create job opportunities. Trade has enhanced the national competitiveness as the workers are able to focus on their skills in order to gain competitive advantage (Sandbrook and Gven 2014). The world trade has promoted resilience as well as flexibility and there is subsequent risk aversion which creates the domestic economy from supply shocks (Lane 2013). The developin g countries are able to benefit from the expansion in the international trade. The poor nations have significantly able to fight against poverty (Wagner and Hollenbeck 2014). This has been achieved by greater production in the export markets and the opening of the economy to foreign goods as well as technology.Effects of global financial markets There has been significant rise in the globalization in the past few years. There have been increase in the global capital flows as well gross domestic products (Lane 2013). The developed economies have demonstrated the maximum increase which has been closely followed by the emerging economies (Imf.org 2016). The financial capabilities have improved in 2006, which is presented as follows- Fig: Economic condition in 1990 Source: Imf.org 2016 Fig: Economic growth in 2006 Source: Imf.org 2016 The countries have successfully made their capital markets strong which have attracted more capital for investments (Banerjee and Duflo 2012). It has led to judicial allocation of capital along with the international risk sharing. However, there is growing debate regarding the impact of the financial globalization (Christensen and Raynor 2013). Apart from the positive sides of financial globalization, it is often argued that it leads to the volatility of economy, especially for the developing countries (Christensen and Raynor 2013). The research demonstrates that the countries need to carefully assess the risks as well as benefits of the capital flows (Sassen 2015). In the developing economies, there are some factors which affect the growth of the financial globalization (Christensen and Raynor 2013). These factors include well defined financial sectors, good macro environmental policies, trade openness and others. The emerging countries should consider the associate costs that lead to the capital flows (Raza et al. 2014). There can be number of associated costs such as high investment costs, poor economic incentives, additional monitoring costs and lower international trade (Christensen and Raynor 2013). The encouragement of the changes in the domestic economic sector can open up the avenues for foreign investment which can eliminate the distortions (Ferrero 2015). The organizations have started focusing on the capital account liberalization which would influence the macroeconomic policy framework of the country. The long-term debts such as FDI must be focused on the creation of short term inflows.Concept of shrinking world The concept of the shrinking world is concerned with the technological advancements that facilitate commerce and communication (Rodrik 2014). It is not possible to understand the impact of globalization unless the regulations are being followed. This provides confidence to engage in the business transactions. Experts opine that the world is shrinking to a certain extent, which is influenced by certain external factors (Rodrik 2014). However, it is true that the world has become smaller through the improvement of various facilities including connectivity and accessibility (Rosenberg 2014). It is true that the distance between the countries is the same however, there have been improvements in technology that makes them to connect easily (Rodrik 2014). The globalization has led to greater prosperity of the world. Reasons behind G7 and WTC demonstrations The G7 is a group of seven countries consisting of France, Canada, Italy, Germany, United Kingdom, Japan and United States (Hite and Chorev 2014). The G7 countries also comprises of the European Union. The G7 countries comprise of more than 64% of the global wealth (Imf.org 2016). The leaders of G7 countries aim to address the challenges that lead to proliferation of the world economy. The G7 and the WTC conferences have recently demonstrated extreme intolerance to globalizations. The G7 held in 2015, witnessed massive demonstrations against globalization (Wanna Lindquist and de Vries 2015). The protest was mainly targeted at the increasing instances of a borderless world which have posed several issues for the emerging countries. There were several topics that were discussed in the summit such as global health fund, food security, digital divide and others. The demonstrators mainly blamed globalization for increased plight of the people residing all over the world (Peace 2015). There is opposition of the capitalist globalization. The primary aim of the corporate globalization is the reduction of the corporate power as well as reduces the global inequality (Taylor et al. 2015). It aims to reduce the social injustice gap in the world. This movement was decentralized and was opposed to the social hierarchy. The conferences displayed a spreading movement of anti-globalization (Korten 2015). This has attracted the attention of thousands of anti-globalization activists. They have raised their voices against corporate power of the multinational organizations (Robb 2013). The irrational use of corporate power by the multinational organizations is the focal activity of the protests. There are widespread practices concerning the international organizations such as labor wages, working conditions, living conditions and the lack of concern towards environment (Hite and Chorev 2014). There is a growing mismanagement concerning the ecological damage to natural resources (Benn Dunphy and Griffiths 2014). These kinds of protests have gained supporters from all over the world. It is true that the business practices of the multinational companies have been successful, however, they cannot deny with the charges against globalization. It is rightly said that owing to the large cultural diversity of the world, it is not possible to bring all parts of the world together (Pieterse 2015). The development of a universal culture is not a feasible option. In fact, a range of factors have evolved, which showcase the negative aspects of globalization. The term anti-globalization can include a wide range of topics such as third world debt, child labor, animal rights, anti-capitalism and environmentalism. The anti-globalization has caused the merging of the individual economies and also the developing countries have lost their individual country. The emerging countries have started to adapt the western cultures in a manner which have diminished their purpose of existence (Benn Dunphy and Griffiths 2014). A large number of money is flowing outside the domestic countries and this is one of the primary causes of the protests against globalization. The increased globalization has made people to use the products of the foreign companies, which have resulted in greater outflow of capital (Pieterse 2015). The income generated from the product sales in the developing countries drains out to the western countries which has led to increased poverty in these regions. Instead of national development, the multinational organizations are taking a way the national wealth of the countries (Benn Dunphy and Griffiths 2014). This is causing the indigenous companies to run in losses and thereby the issue of poverty is still persisting in the emerging economies. There are several causes of the widespread protests against globalization. The primary issue with globalization is the increasing exploitation of the workers in the developing economies of the world. The multinational companies are increasingly exploiting the labors of the developing countries in order to get their work done (Pieterse 2015). The multinational companies are increasingly becoming less accountable for their job functions. Experts claim that the individual cultures of the country become overpowered by the American culture. This has increased to growing protests against the multinational companies. There are reduced demands of the domestic products as compared to the foreign products (Taylor et al. 2015). This has caused a dearth of resources for the country. This has in turn affected the national progress of the third world economies. Pankaj Ghemawat views on globalization Pankaj Ghemawat has raised several questions regarding the phenomenon of globalization. He made important arguments in the World 3.0 and has said that the world is less globalized than the world perceives it (Ghemawat 2016). He argues that the world not fully integrated and there are interesting things that taking place across the borders. He shared interesting insights regarding globalization by citing examples of international phone calls, foreign direct investments and social media usage (Ghemawat 2016). He found that the actual international phone call minutes is 2% (Ghemawat 2016). This is evident from the international authentic sources. The trade statistics shows that the world export rate accounts for 30% of GDP, however, he points out that there is utter doubt regarding this calculation (Ghemawat 2016). For example, the iPhone which is shipped to India to China and then shipped back to United States gets counted twice. There is an irrational increase of the GDP by this metho d. He even confirmed the rate of GDP from a trusted source at the World Trade Organization (Ghemawat 2016). The source said that the exports account for only 20% of GDP rather than 30% as claimed by the trade sources (Ghemawat 2016). There have also manipulations regarding the data on foreign direct investments. Mr. Ghemawat agrees that the percentage of foreign students availing educational courses at a country other than the home country is only 2%, which is a significantly low figure. The extent of globalization has impacted the students that everyone is not willing to leave their home country. There is a widespread disparity regarding the nationality of the friends an average American makes on Facebook (Ghemawat 2016). There is reduced cross border flow of cultures as well as communication. He also raised questions regarding the immigration patterns of people (Ghemawat 2016). He has observed the long-term inflow of people in international locations and he found that such populat ion accounts for only three percent. He also raised questions regarding the actual investments in foreign locations. He argues that the actual foreign direct investment in the global economy was only 10% (Ghemawat 2016). Hence, he concludes that there is actually the existence of cross cultural borders. Mr. Pankaj Ghemawat also argues that it is important to make the world more globalized. He suggests that it is a good option to limit the extent of liberalization (Ghemawat 2016). In the event that there is complete liberalization, there would not be revival of the trade figures. He suggests that the organizations should strive to create value creation. He tried to focus more on the value offering of the organizations (Ghemawat 2016). He tends to utilize the fixed amounts of resources as well as production across the international borders in order to minimize the costs to business (Ghemawat 2016). This model focuses on the volume gains in order to respect the absolute cost differences. The economies of scale are dependent on these models. It is important to incorporate economies of scale in the business. It is important to focus on differentiation as well as costs of the products (Ghemawat 2016). The customers would be willing to pay only if they find sufficient variety of the produc ts. The globalization can significantly increase the structure of the industry (Ghemawat 2016). The business policy makers should integrate a variety of models such as economist model, general equilibrium models and others. He stresses on the fact that by giving attention to the excluded economic components, one can gain subsequently from the trade liberalization. The inflow of the products, services, capital flows, people flows and the information flows should be considered while formulating business policies (Ghemawat 2016). He also agrees on the increase of the immigration workforce so that there is an increase in the overall GDP of the world economy. This is because of the fact that immigrants foster the economic growth between two regions (Ghemawat 2016). Mr. Ghemawat stresses on the fact that it is important to undertake multiple efforts as well as diversity in the business policies. He also emphasized on CAGE model which finds its wide use in the business schools (Ghemawat 20 16). This model identifies the different factors needed for business success such as cultural, administrative, geographic and economic. It focuses on the differences that focus on the differences that need to be focused by the companies. Globalization- Anthony Hidden The globalization is concerned with the diffusion of practices, ideas and technologies. Anthony Giddens has described the phenomenon as the worldwide social relations that has the capability to connect distant localities in which the local events are affected by the events of the home countries (Giddens 2013). This process does involve a huge amount of change which in terms of geography and experience. The globalization has been associated with a considerable amount of risks. Giddens has defined four crucial aspects of globalization (Giddens 2013). The first one concerns with the world capitalist economy. This principle states that the primary power centers in the global economy lies with the capitalist states, which is characterized by capitalist economic enterprise system of production (Giddens 2013). The institutional organization has acted as an insulation for the regulation of the economic activity. The big multinational companies have huge budget today which can surpass the bud get of the nations. The typical influence of a country is affected by its level of wealth. The second parameter of globalization comprises of the nation-state system, which is an inherent component of the modern era (Giddens 2013). The existence of sovereignty can be related with the borders and diminishing importance of frontiers. Giddens argued that the autonomy possessed by the territory is directly proportional to the other states recognition of the borders. The third parameter comprises of the world military order (Giddens 2013). This parameter believes in the fact that the states possess excessive military strength than required. The involved countries in the alliances give more preferences to the limitations so that they can manipulate the independent external strategies. The fourth dimensions comprise of the industrial development (Giddens 2013). This implies that there would be expansion of the increased division of labor and that includes the differentiation of the industr ialized areas of the world as per their level of industrial activity. The modern industry is characterized by increased division of labor in terms of skills, industry and the raw materials (Giddens 2013). There has been major interdependence of the division of labor. Gidden has visualized the globalization as the new instrument for driving change that shape up modern societies (Giddens 2013). This process comprises of opposing and varied tendencies. He argues that globalization cannot be criticized completely nor it can be prevented. However, the potential negative effects of globalization cannot be neglected. There are number of potential challenges of globalization such as ecological risk, financial risk, social unevenness and others (Giddens 2013). In a single society, different effects of globalization can be visualized. Giddens points out that the globalization has direct impact on the firms as well as societies. End of Poverty movement The global poverty is continuing since ages. The problem has become acute with the increasing unfair debt, tax and trade policies. It is a widespread concept that the developed countries or the wealthy countries are taking unfair advantage of the developing countries. The developing countries are considered as poor countries who often lands up being exploited by the developed countries. This has also been supported by globalization to a great extent. This has led to the creation of documentary named The End of Poverty which is being directed by Phillipe Diaz and narrated by famous actor Martin Sheen (Crawford 2013). The documentary shows that the unchallenged global business policies is the root cause of the present financial crisis. The financial imbalance is the primary cause of the global poverty. The goal of the End of Poverty movement is to search for alternative solution for reducing the instances of poverty in the world (Crawford 2013). This movement aims to interview the exporters and strive to seek answers for ending the phenomenon of poverty, especially in the developing countries. The interview opened up several alternate solutions for ending the incidence of poverty (Crawford 2013). The promise of the basic amenities of life such as food, clothing and shelter would address the issue of poverty. The healthcare facilities and the education services would also go a long way in handling the issue. The film has been shot exclusively in the slum regions of Latin America and Africa (Crawford 2013). The film has pondered on the question of the inter relationship of poverty with present economic framework. It depicts that around 20% of the total population of the planet consumes about 80% of the natural resources (Crawford 2013). It also shows that the consumption rate is more than 30% of earths ability to regenerate the same (Crawford 2013). This huge consumption has been displayed by the globalized economy and this has deprived the poorer nations to fall backward. Trade Not Aid The trade not aid is the central concept in the neoliberal development policy. This policy is in sharp contrast with the end of poverty movement (Whelan 2015). The primary concept behind this policy was that if the developing countries was allowed to perform free trade with the developed nations, then they would be more reliable (Whelan 2015). The globalization as well as development can be compared. The globalization strived for targeted policies which would address the cross-border trade (Maddison 2013). However, this theory claimed that the poor countries do not always benefit from the target policies that includes the limitation of the domestic market to globalization (Whelan 2015). The limitation is often carried out by several means such as tariffs. The trade not aid also claims that it is important to make the local societies fit for the varied global imperatives (Whelan 2015). The development policy of the neoliberal development focuses on the formulation of several policies. The local state must create optimum conditions for the so called market society. The obstacles towards the foreign direct investment should be minimized and there should be restructuring of the domestic labor force (Whelan 2015). This would make the industry more privatized and the social life would be revolving around the profit motive. These facilities were the crux of the trade not aid approach which would facilitate the overall development of the nations (Whelan 2015). However, experts opine that this approach was quite uncompromising and hence was likely to face opposition in the real world. There has been constant debate regarding the trade not aid approach. There are some experts who view this policy as a mechanism to rectify the wrongdoings of the developed nations on the poorer economies while the others believe that the adoption of this policy would bring adverse consequences (Whelan 2015). There have been instances of failure of the development aids and hence it has been agreed that the economic growth in the developing countries can be improved with the help of a policy (Maddison 2013). This policy would enable the countries to engage in trade with each other and hence capitalize their individual advantages. The trade not aid policy would certainly imply an improvement in the economic growth of the developing countries such as China or India. This could be a challenge for the developed world because the removal of the trade barriers would make these countries flooded with cheap produce from the emerging economies. Conclusion The globalization is synonymous with the free flow of trade practices all around the world. It is considered as a boon for most part of the world, however, there have been strong criticism regarding this too. The increased international trade is supposed to have propagated the idea of income inequalities. This report discussed the concept of globalization and its adverse effects. The common belief that globalization has led to shrinking world is not actually true. There is still certain level for difficulty in crossing the international trade borders. The impact of the globalization along with the dynamics of international trade are discussed. The effect of globalization on the financial markets is also explored. The G7 and WTC conferences displayed an increasing movement against globalization. The viewpoints of Pankaj Ghemawat is also discussed, who made crucial arguments concerning globalization. The main idea behind his viewpoint was that the world is not fully integrated and glob alization is less dominant in the world as perceived by the people. The ideas of Anthony Gidden is also discussed who has defined four important aspects of globalization. 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